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Why we need to fight against Environment's Biggest Enemy Plastic

It is not hidden from anyone what kind of problems the increasing use of plastic in everyday life has caused today. Apart from the damage to the environment, people usually have to face the problems caused by garbage piles and drains.

It is not that people do not know about the problem of this problem and its fatal effects. Not only do they withstand the difficulties arising at their level, through awareness campaigns on many levels, people also get information about how indiscriminate use of plastic is dangerous from the environment to general life.

environment biggest enemy plastics

People do not consider it necessary to think or understand how the cost of the minor facilities through plastic goods is being paid to them as well as the entire environment. Especially the once-used plastic items are creating a mountain of pollution in the shape of garbage. Despite this, extreme negligence is still seen in the use of plastic among people.

Ban on Single-use plastic items:

For this reason, environmentalists have been warning for a long time in view of the plastic born tomorrow. Such announcements also often come from the government that now the use of plastic and items made from it will be limited and further restricted.

From the National Green Tribunal, many courts in the country have issued strict guidelines to ban plastic. Subsequently, some states also made announcements prohibiting its use. However, even today, the common use of polythene and other plastics made of these announcements is not hidden from anyone.

The question is that as long as all other materials made of plastic including polythene are available in the market, then how and to what extent their use can be limited! There is such a lack of awareness and responsibility among the common people that the disadvantages caused by it are not taken care of for ordinary convenience.

That is, the kind of ignorance has remained so far in this matter at the level of government and society. It is decided that there will be an increase in the problems caused by plastic.

Plastic penetration in India:

Plastic penetration in India was around the 60s. The situation has become such that in 60 years it has changed into the face of a mountain. Every man was fascinated by plastic because it was available in every color, in every size.

But slowly in the 80s, polythene bags started replacing cloth bags, jute bags, paper envelopes. No matter what weight you put in the bags made of polythene, there was no tension. Put as much hot tea, coffee or vegetables in the cup bowls made from them as there is no fear of burning or spreading hands.

In 1991, production in India was nine lakh tons. Plastics are getting more boost due to economic liberalization. Two to three years ago, in India, its use in the eight-wheeler sector alone was five thousand tonnes per annum.

How Plastic become culture:

The culture of consumerism has targeted the villages as well as the villages. Plastic culture has come to dominate here too. Buy any item from the market, it is found in plastic bags.

No person is going to do market shopping with a bag in his hand. Even plastics are being used for tea, edible oils, other types of liquids, and from bags to vegetables that are used in daily life.

Whereas, hot food and chemical substances come into contact with plastic, which is harmful to health. But the facilitative culture is blinding us to health issues.

Today many household items have also been made from plastic which is very attractive to see. Such items are being used especially to beautify the kitchen.

We have worn the plastic that was once invented as a miracle. He played with it and fought the rust with the help of plastic. Soon such plastic houses will be ready that after spending the night they can be included in the day.

 We first met our needs for plastic. Then new requirements were created for this. We have had this habit of plastic for several decades of continuous use. It has become a part of our behavior.

The Ocean becomes the Dumpingground of plastic:

Plastic Pollution in ocean info-graphics
Source: PlasticRecyclingLibrary.com
According to the report published in 2014, there are five thousand billion pieces floating in the sea as plastic waste. Over a period of time, the pieces are transformed into microplastic.

According to biologists, this part of the seafloor is only one percent of the total plastic, while 99 percent of seaweed is in the stomach or hidden in the ocean floor.

According to an estimate, by the year 2050, there will be more plastic than fish in the sea. 

Ban on use of Plastic:

There is a group of countries where there is a complete ban on plastics. Last year Afiki Desh Kenya has also banned ban. After this ban, he has joined the group of 40 countries where there is a complete ban on plastics.

To discourage the use of plastics, Irland imposed a tax of 15 Eurocent on every plastic bag in 2002. The result of which was a decrease of up to 95 percent.

Not only this, but there is also a provision for severe punishment by Kenya. The use of plastic bags or promoting its use can result in imprisonment for four years and a fine of 40 thousand dollars.

Countries that have a complete ban on plastics include countries such as France, China, Italy, and Randa, but a flexible approach is being adopted by some countries including India.

Recently, once-used plastic is banned in India, while the European Commission proposed that plastic usage be reduced every year in Europe.

Disposal of plastic:

The increasing volume of plastic waste is emerging as the biggest threat to human civilization. According to scientists, it takes 10 to 450 years for the plasticity to be destroyed.

Disposal of plastic
Image/ Infographic Source: universityofcalifornia

We have not yet discovered an efficient management mechanism for disposal of plastic and other types of waste. So that this waste of garbage can be converted into a mountain.

Its ability to not disintegrate naturally is turning it from boon to curse. One special thing about plastic is that it consumes a lot of energy to destroy it like garbage. But by recirculating it, the furnace saves twice as much energy as it burns.

Some teams of scientists have also started experimenting to convert plastic waste into an energy source. Energy can be generated by burning waste plastic. Chloride based PVC For example, thermoplastic can be converted into fuel oil, which is 20 percent of the plastic residue.

Plastic recycling units in India accumulate up to 10,000 tons of plastic waste every day, 75 percent of which is spent in the manufacture of low-value flats.

Conclusion:

It can be guessed that if the unbridled use of plastic is not completely stopped, then what kind of challenges may also arise in the coming time. But more governments do not think it is necessary to take any more effective steps than to raise concerns and make some announcements after the strictness of the court.

Actually, this will happen only when both the government and society understand their responsibility needs, so that people themselves can be. All the laws and regulations made so far for protection are proving to be bookish. We do not understand ecological imbalance.

An environmental crisis is emerging as one for us. As a result, not only are there many kinds of difficulties facing a common life, but the entire environment is being badly affected by it.

Apart from the canals and drains being obstructed, the fertility of the land is getting eroded. The country is facing a water crisis. The forest is offering fire. Due to natural imbalance, there is devastation in the mountain.

We can not only cover the environment in the day, for this, but the entire human community will also have to fight a long battle by balancing it with nature. If we do not warn in time, the future environmental crisis will swallow our generation.

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