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5 Factors which shows the life of the poor remains hellish

The amount of money spent on eradicating poverty in the country is not less. The major part of every general budget of the central government is allocated for the upliftment of the economically and socially backward classes, but the expected results are not seen. It seems that there is either a lack of effort or no commitment, or the direction of the goals is wrong. Whatever factors are identified and removed.

Poverty in india
Image Source: Times of India

Poverty is a global problem:

Most countries of the world, especially African, Asian and Latin American countries are struggling with it. Poverty means living below the poverty line. Poverty is a very embarrassing situation for any independent country. 

In such a situation, India has taken a quantum leap towards removing its people from the morass of poverty. According to the report released by the United Nations Development Program, in India between 2006 and 206 more than 27 crore people were brought out of poverty. 

According to the report, in the year 2005-06, about 64 crore or 55 percent people of India were living in poverty. This number came down to 37 crores in the year 205-6. Thus, India has made significant progress in bringing backward people out of poverty into multifaceted, or different levels and ten parameters. 

However, In a report of UNDP, it has been revealed that South Asian countries including India are at the forefront of the countries in the initiative to reduce poverty. It is a promising sign that the global fight against poverty can be won.

Index of poverty and human development initiative (OPHI) 

infographics, index of poverty, and, human development, india
Image Source: ophi.org.uk
OPHI is prepared by the UNDP, it is worth noting that the number of people belonging to Muslim, Dalit and Scheduled Caste class was very high among those who were out of the purview of poverty. In the last decade, the condition of the poorest sections of society in India has improved. 

Recently, data released about poverty in India by an American research institute - Brookings, was reassuring to the government. It was reported in the report that in the last few years, the number of poor in India has decreased very fast. 

The best thing is that the stamp of India being the poorest country has also ended. Every minute 44 people are coming above the poverty line in the country. This is the fastest rate of poverty reduction in the world. 

But the World Bank thinks differently, he believes that India currently has one-third of the world's poor population. Of this, 32.7 percent of the population is living on less than a quarter of a dollar (less than a hundred rupees). While 68.7 percent of the population is such, who has to spend less than two dollars (about one hundred and fifty rupees) daily. But currently, the criteria of poverty in India are under question.

Criteria of poverty in India 

According to the report, by 2022, less than three percent of the people in the country will be below the poverty line. At the same time, by 2030, the number of people living in extreme poverty will not be equal in the country. We have many definitions of poverty, not one. 

According to the Tendulkar committee's standard, those spending Rs 27 per day in rural areas and Rs 33 in urban areas were kept above the poverty line and according to this standard, the population of the poverty line declined by 22 percent. This assessment was quite controversial. 

The Rangarajan Committee extended this limit, keeping 323 people in rural areas and 47 rupees per day in urban areas out of the poverty line and a 30 percent drop in poverty. 

According to NITI Aayog estimates, people who spend more than Rs 65 in cities and Rs 22 in rural areas 42 per day are not poor.

 In such a situation, the question is whether these figures are sufficient to define the definition of poverty? Even after seven decades of independence, there are frequent studies and revelations on poor and poverty in India.

India is still classified as a developing country:

There is still a large population below the poverty line. While we may be happy with the report of the UNDP that India has achieved great success in reducing poverty, but we also cannot deny the fact that the poorest of the poor still live in India. 

Even now 36 crores more people are facing poverty in one form or the other. The gross national per capita income in India has increased by 266.6 percent between 4990 and 207. On the basis of purchasing capacity, India's per capita gross national income has reached about Rs 4.55 lakh, which is Rs 23,470 more than last year. 

Clearly, Gagibi remains a curse not only for India but also for other developing and backward countries of the world. That is why a lot more needs to be done for the betterment of the relatively poor. 

Reduction in an effort to reduce poverty:

People's perception of the reduction in the poverty rate in the country can be correct to the extent that O is being contributed by the central government. But how much and how poverty rates are coming down from these schemes, this claim is giving rise to controversies.

 Implementation of such schemes and corruption in them has been questioned. On the one hand, the burning sensation of being the fastest growing economy in the world, on the other hand, the stigma of including one-third of the poor in the world.

The amount of money spent on eradicating poverty in the country is not less. A large part of every budget of the Central Government is allocated for the upliftment of the economically and socially backward classes, but its expected results are not seen.

Even though governmental and non-governmental efforts are made at every level so that no one remains poor. But the work is difficult. If China can overcome poverty even more than the burden of population, why should we not? Unfortunately, billions of rupees are being spent every year in India on poverty alleviation and food aid programs. Yet more than a quarter of India's 130 billion population is below the poverty line.

The report states that four states of India - Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh have the highest number of poor. It is worth noting that in these four states, more than half of the poor in India live in a population of about 20 million. The special thing is that Jharkhand has been the fastest in the upliftment of the poor in India too.

Conclusion:

 It seems that there is either a lack of effort or no commitment, or the direction of the goals is wrong. Poverty is indeed a huge curse that we have been facing for centuries. How and when it will go away is a big issue to consider. 

Of course, there is no shortage of food grains in the country, yet people are dying of poverty. After all, who is responsible for this? Blame the government or society. To date we have not been able to identify those factors, due to which the life of the poor remains hellish. 

If the problem is to be overcome, then work must be done in this direction. One has to awaken a sense of self-reliance, not compassion for the poor. They have to be made partners in all the work which till date has not been or has not been brought in their share.

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