How India has become the largest country to exploit groundwater in the world?

Human civilization has developed on the banks of rivers, so we have a deep relationship with rivers. Unfortunately, modern lifestyles and civilization pay more attention to short-term needs instead of far-reaching consequences, as a result of which all types of water bodies like ponds, lakes, ponds, canals, rivers, etc. are drying up fast.

The water crisis has also started in the Himalayan region giving water. Tourists have to stop visiting places like Shimla, Masu Ri, and Nainital. Water is being wasted indiscriminately.


It is not only the fault of the citizens, but our policymakers are also not understanding the severity of the upcoming water crisis, whereas even a slight change in lifestyle can reduce the water crisis considerably. 

Groundwater Availability:

It is worth mentioning here that the per capita water availability in our country was 5,177 cubic meters in 954, which has come down to only 1,545 cubic meters in 2011. According to experts, the availability of water is going to decrease very fast in the coming time.

The country receives up to four thousand billion cubic meters of rainfall every year, but we have not developed a culture of rainwater harvesting. As a result, more than 85 percent of the water is wasted.

The central government also estimates that by 2025, per capita water availability will be reduced to 1,341 cubic meters and by 2050 to around 1000 cubic meters. Despite this, the focus of governments is on wasting water in every house.

Water crises in India

Water crises in India have arisen when rivers have been given mother status in our society. There are more than ten thousand rivers in the country. The number of natural water bodies like ponds, pokers, step-wells, and wells is in millions.

The biggest reason for the lack of water availability is to bridge the waters like rivers, ponds, and wells in the name of development and to make residential colonies on most parts.

The way the ponds and lakes are disappearing in cities, the crisis is bigger and the water is not recharging whereas, on the other hand, we are using more and more water.

Look at the condition of seaside cities like Chennai and Mumbai. They are submerged in a single rain because the water bodies have been flooded, due to which neither water is recharged nor can it flow into the sea.

 Due to the drying up of the ponds and rivers, the water crisis became bigger, the exploitation of groundwater started with Borwell, hand pump, tap, etc. Due to this, the average groundwater level in the country is going down by 0.3 meters every year.

Pilot projects to conserve groundwater:

The situation in Agra situated on the banks of Yamuna is that the water of Yamuna is not potable. To encourage water conservation in Agra, the Center for Urban and Regional Excellence (Cure), an organization working on water recharge and harvesting, has conducted some experiments in collaboration with the central government.

Kalindi Vihar is within a radius of one kilometer from Mohalla La Ni but there is groundwater at two hundred feet. That water is also not potable.

A water harvesting plant was set up in a government school under the pilot project, which fulfills the water requirement for 200 school children, mid-day meal and all other tasks throughout the year.

About 72 thousand liters of water is stored in a season. Every season, .5 kg alum, 3 kg sugar and two kg salt are added to make the water clear and more drinkable. The school did not take water from outside for about five years.

Ignorance of Government organization:

It is very effective, but the government system does not pay much attention to it. There is less attention of society and government on methods like water recharge and water harvesting, due to which we use water but do not give it back to the earth.

The situation is that even in domestic use, we waste about 80 percent of water, while by changing a little information and behavioral habits, we can save wasted water.

Due to the wastage of water, India has joined the category of water-stressed countries. According to the recent assessment of the Central Audit Control Board, a total of 35 rivers are polluted. Of these, 45 major rivers are badly polluted, which will be converted into drains in the coming years.

Excessive exploitation of groundwater for bottled water:

The water business in the country is in full swing. Around six thousand companies in the country are registered with the Bureau of Indian Standers, which is involved in the water business. These companies extract water but do not do any work to compensate for it.

According to statistics, on average, a company withdraws water from five thousand liters to 20 thousand liters per hour. About 35 percent of the water is wasted in the entire process of extracting and cleaning water.

But even then the industry is growing at a rate of 5 percent every year. Due to the constantly falling groundwater level, there is a huge scarcity of water in the country but the government is still not taking any effective steps on the water business.

It is a matter of this that India has become the largest country to exploit groundwater in the world. China is at number two and America at number three.

Water wastage in city and Household:

RO water may be beneficial for health, but the entire process of cleaning the water is very bad. It cleans the water but also wastes about 70 percent of the water, which can be used for other purposes besides drinking.

By a rough estimate, an RO wastes 3 liters of water in the process of cleaning one liter of water. Due to the wastage of water, per capita, water availability has decreased by 70 percent in the last eight years. 

According to the Water Power Mission, 4. billion Carore liters of water becomes sewage in Delhi. Getting water to drink in Delhi by 2022 will be difficult and many areas are rapidly turning into dark zones.

Everyone has to take responsibility:

The concern that is being raised about the waste of water is not flowing today. It has been brainstorming for years and measures are being suggested to bring awareness. But instead of reducing this problem is increasing only because society or we are looking towards the government. 

We want the government to take all measures to save water. As long as we keep moving forward with this thinking, then the problem is not going to go away. Today the water problem is neither of any city nor state.

In view of the situation, work has also started on water harvesting at the government and non-government levels. The Central Government has prepared many short-term and long-term plans for water harvesting under the Jal Shakti Mission.

These include schemes ranging from water harvesting to the encroachment of ponds. But these schemes can also be successful only when the public is made aware and its participation is ensured.

The water crisis is engulfing the entire country. Today we have time, if we do not understand the value of water today, tomorrow will not even give us a chance to regret it.

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